DGUV Information 214-911e - Safe operations of helicopters during aerial work

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Safe operations of helicopters during aerial work
(DGUV Information 214-911)


Deutsche Gesetzliche

Stand der Vorschrift: September 2020

Table of ContentsAbschnitt
Preliminary remarks
Scope of application1
Terms and Definitions2
Fundamental requirements for ensuring aviation and occupational safety3
General employer's and insured individuals' duties3.1
Operational organisation of aviation and occupational safety3.2
Briefings and operating procedures3.3
Operational and final briefings3.4
Qualification of assignment personnel3.5
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)3.6
Occupational medical prophylaxis3.7
Inspection of work equipment and Personal Protective Equipment3.8
Provision and procurement of working materials for use with helicopters4
General requirements4.1
Demands on helicopters and their equipment4.2
Requirements for Load Lifting Devices (LLD)4.3
Other working materials4.4
Setting up outside working stations and flight routes5
General requirements5.1
Load pick-up and load drop-off places5.2
Jettisoning and emergency landing places5.3
Refueling places5.4
Assignment-specific measures6
Refueling helicopters6.1
Luggage and internal cargo6.2
External cargo and installation flights6.3
Flights with bulk goods6.4
Flights with spray media6.5
Inspection flights on overhead power lines and pipelines6.6
Measuring flights6.7
Fire-fighting/forest fire-fighting flights6.8
Photo and film flights6.9
Information on the execution of risk assessmentsAnnex 1
Determining of external load forcesAnnex 2
Attaching of external loadsAnnex 3
Instructions and briefingsAnnex 4
Means of communicationAnnex 5
Information on setting up outside working stationsAnnex 6

Preliminary remarks

Helicopter operations of the aerial work category are processes that contain high risks due to the operating conditions. They are an example for the interaction of complicated technology with high mechanical drive performance and manpower in a very confined space.

In case of necessity, for example, the statutory minimum flight heights, the necessary safety heights for an auto-rotation or the safe distances from obstacles are undershot. With various types of work the helicopter may briefly be in a "confined area" situation and the ground personnel are also exposed to a variety of special risks at load pick-up, setting down or assembly points.

Carrying out such work demands professional guidance and management of everyone involved. Work assignments can only be carried out safely by a thorough risk assessment, full use of all possibilities to minimise risks, a targeted choice of appropriate working materials and personnel as well as comprehensive training of the former.

This information gives the employers of aviation companies with the field of application helicopters instructions and recommendations regarding technical, organisational and personnel measures to implement their duties from the statutory occupational safety and health protection regulations or accident prevention regulations. It shows ways of effectively avoiding or minimising accidents at work, occupational diseases and work-related health hazards.